Mongolia Information

Mongolia Country Information

Mongolia has a 3485km (2165-mile) border with the Russian Federation in the north and a 4670km (2902-mile) border with China in the south. From north to south it can be divided into four areas: mountain-forest steppe, mountain steppe and, in the extreme south, semi-desert and desert (the latter being about 3% of the entire territory). […]

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Mongolia’s Great Khan

At the opening ceremony for the annual Nadaam festival in the Mongolian capital Ulan Bator, the star of the show comes not from today but from 700 years ago. Bursting on stage in the middle of the national stadium is the unmistakable figure of Genghis Khan, the Mongol warrior who built a vast 13th Century […]

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Meat, Milk & Mongolia

Misunderstood and often maligned, the Mongolian diet does make sense A stroll down any Mongolian residential street is usually the first introduction to a visitor of the savoury odours of the traditional meals of this country. If you are invited into somebody’s ger (or traditional tent dwelling) or apartment, you will probably have an opportunity […]

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Nomadic Life

For 3 000 years, the people of the steppes have adopted a pastoral way of life moving in the search of best pastures and campsites. They live by and for their livestock, in the forefront of which the horse undoubtedly was the first animal domesticated in these infinite meadows. Today, approximately half of Mongolia’s population […]

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Mongolian History Timeline

A chronology of key events: 1206-63 – Following unification of the Mongol tribes, Genghis Khan launches a campaign of conquest. His sons and grandsons create the world’s biggest land empire. 1267-1368 – Weakened by disunity, the empire implodes. Ming troops oust the Mongols from Dadu (Beijing). 1380 – The Golden Horde is defeated by the […]

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Under a Broken Sky

Mongolia’s nomads travel a wintry land of hypnotic beauty. But as Phil Zabriskie discovers, their way of life is under threat    BY PHIL ZABRISKIE Monday, Feb. 17, 2003 It’s almost noon, and Bayarsakhan looks as if he has just woken up. His jaw hangs slack, and his face is marred by fresh gouges—the result, he says, […]

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Dining in Ulaanbataar, Mongolia

Mongolian Traveler’s Story

The Potato Of Doom: Dining in Mongolia Well it’s lunchtime and I’m NOT going to do any work over lunchtime, so I thought I’d write up a little story about an experience I had in Mongolia in the Summer of 1992. This could be quite long, depending on how wordy I get 😎 . I […]

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Return to Religion

At the Great Ganden Monastery outside Ulan Bator, the people of Mongolia are searching for their past. At the beginning of the 20th Century, more than half the male population of this landlocked country lived as monks in places like Ganden. But then came communism. During the Soviet takeover in the 1920s, local communist leaders […]

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Mongolia Human Rights Report 2007

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices  – 2007 Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor – March 11, 2008 Mongolia, with a population of approximately three million, is a multiparty, parliamentary democracy. Observers noted minor irregularities in the 2005 presidential elections. Parliament (the State Great Hural), with the agreement of the president, selects the […]

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Mongolian Land Culture

The North Largely unpopulated, Northern Mongolia is one of the most beautiful areas of the country with densely forested mountains and steppe. The meadows in spring are blanketed with wildflowers and the air is filled with the voices of migrating birds. [Image] Considered by scientists to be the aquatic equivalent of a rainforest, Lake Hovsgol–the […]

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Early and Recent History

Early Mongolian History Early Chinese manuscripts refer to “turkic speaking peoples”, whom they called the Xiongnu, living in the area which is now Mongolia as early as the 4th or 5th century BC. A major war between these people and the Chinese, in which the Xiongnu warriors would charge on horseback, wielding lances and swords […]

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Mongolian Culture

The Mongolian way of life is nomadic and intimately connected with the ways of animals. Despite urbanisation, the traditions of the steppes live on. Even in the cities, most Mongolians continue to live in a ger, a large, white felt tent that can be moved easily and has a universal layout: the door always faces […]

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The Mongol Khâns

The Mongol Khâns Many Thanks to: www.friesian.com   Mongolian culture in most respects reflected the influence of China. For instance, there are Mongolian terms for the Chinese 60 year calendar cycle. On the other hand, significant other influences came into play. The writing system eventually adopted for Mongolian was the alphabet brought by Nestorian Christian […]

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