Achara-pickled fruits or vegetables served as a relish with grated green papaya or sauerkraut.
Achuete or Achiote-annatto seeds used to give food a reddish color. Seeds are soaked in water to extract the color. Usually available in bottles in most supermarkets or Hispanic food stores.
Adobo-a generic term of cooking meat, fish or vegetables in garlic, vinegar, soy sauce and pepper. It is the name of the dish as well as the style of cooking.
Alimasag-a variety of crab with large pincers.
Apritada-meat dish with tomato sauce and vegetables; a Spanish-influenced dish.
Arroz-Spanish word for “rice.”
Asado-a meat dish cooked with romatoes, onions and other seasonings.
Baboy-Tagalog term for “pork” or “pig.”
Bagoong-salty, fermented sauce or paste made from small shrimps or fish, used as an accompaniment to main dishes; also known as ancovy sauce. It is available regular or sauteed.
Buko-a young coconut.
Calamansi-a small limelike fruit found in the tropics. Lemon is the best substitute.
Caldereta-goat-meat stew.Camaron rebosado-shelled shrimps (with tail on) dipped in a batter and deep fried.
Cassava-an edible, starchy root used in making bread or tapioca.
Chicharon-crisp fried pork rind or skin.
Chorizo de Bilbao-Spanish sausage used for flavoring dishes.
Embutido-ground meat roll, usually made with ground pork stuffed with ham, pickles, eggs and raisins.
Empanada-meat turnover with ground beef, chopped olives, raisins and a slice of hardboiled egg.Empanadita-small turnover with honey and nuts.
Ensalda-Spanish term for “salad.”
Escabeche-fish in sweet-and-sour sauce.
Estofado-stewed meat dish cooked with vinegar, sugar and other spices.
Frito-Tagalog term for “fried.”
Flan-custard made of milk and egg yolks.
Gallina-Spanish word for “chicken.”
Gata-Tagalog word for “coconut milk.”
Ginataan-method of cooking food in coconut milk.
Guisado-Tagalog word for “sauteed.”
Hamon-Tagalog spelling of the Spanish word for ham (jamon).
Inihaw-Tagalog term for “charcoal-broiled.”
Kangkong-green, smooth-leafed vegetable native to the Philipines. It has a flavor that is milder than spinach and a texture similar to watercress.
Kare-Kare-Philippine meat-vegetable stew with ox tail, beef or tripe, eggplant, banana buds and other vegetables cooked in peanut sauce and ground toasted rice
Kawali-Tagalog word for “snails.”
Kutsay-Tagalog word for “leeks.”
Labong-Tagalog word for “bamboo shoots.”
Leche flan-leche is the Spanish word for milk; a milk and egg yolk custard.
Lechon-roast suckling pig.
Lengua-Spanish word for “tongue.”
Lomo-Beef loinLonganiza-native sausage.
Lumpia-Philippine egg rolls
Manok-Tagalog word for “chicken.”
Mechado-meat into which long strips of fat have been inserted, then simmered in tomato sauce and spices.
Menudo-diced pork and liver stew with vegetables
Misua or Miswa-threadlike wheat noodle; a vermicelli
Morcon-beef meat roll stuffed with eggs, ham, pickles and sausages.
Nilaga-Tagalog word for “boiled.”
Paksiw-fish or meat cooked in vinegar, garlic and hot cooking peppers.
Pastillas-sweets in the form of little bars made of milk and sugar, with or without nuts.
Patis-very salty, amber-colored, thin liquid extract from salted and fermented seafood (usually fish). Very similar to the Vietnamese nuoc mam and the Thai nampla, which may be substituted.Pesa-fish or meat dish with vegetables simmered with fresh ginger.
Pipino-Tagalog for “cucumber.”
Pochero-dish of boiled beef, chicken, dumplings and vegetables, which is similar to the Spanish cocida.
Pusit-Tagalog word for “squid.”
Puto-steamed rice cake.
Relleno-Spanish word for “stuffed;” used for any stuffed dish.
Sili-long green cooking pepper.
Sinigang-sour soup dish of meat or fish with vegetables, seasoned with tomatoes, onions and lemon juice.
Sitao-string beans, a yard-long bean.
Sotanghon-transparent bean noodles; also known as cellophane noodles.
Sugpo-giant tiger prawn.
Talaba-Tagalog term for “oyster.”
Talong-Tagalog term for “eggplant.”
Tapa-dried meat cured with salt and vinegar.
Tausi-black soy beans, salted and fermented.
Tinola-fish or meat dish flavored with ginger.
Tokwa-soy bean cake.
Ubod-hearts of palm.
Yema-Spanish for “egg yolk.”