Singaporean Vegetarian Dishes

 

Singaporean Hot Noodles With Tofu

Ingredients

  • 13 oz Tofu, dried — sliced
  • 9 oz Chinese dried wheat noodles
  • 13 oz Firm tofu — cubed 1/2″
  • 3 tb Chinese semsaem oil
  • 3 tb Fresh ginger — minced
  • 1/2 ts Yellow asafoetida powder*
  • 1 bn Choy sum**, leaves and -stalk — chopped in 1″ -sections
  • 3 tb Soy sauce
  • 2 tb Plain sambal oelek
  • 3 tb Fresh lemon juice
  • 2 c Mung bean shoots

Directions

Soak dried tofu slices in hot water for 15 mintues. When softened, cut into 1″ squares, drain, and pat dry. Cook the wheat noodles in boiling water until al dente, a little firm. Drain, rinse under cold water, and drain again. Heat oil in wok over high heat, and deep-fry the tofu cubes until goldenbrown. Remove from pan and drain. Next deep-fry the squares of dried tofu until golden brown andslightly blistered; remove and drain. Heat sesame oil in another wok on full heat; saute the minced ginger for 1 minute. Add the asafoeitda and choy sum and stir fry until soft. Add the soy sauce, sambal oelek, lemon juice, tofu noodles. Stir fry for another 2 minutes or until the noodles are hot. Serve immediately.

*asafoetida powder: available at Indian grocers **choy sum: also known as rape

***sambal oelek: a hot condiment made from ground fresh red, hot chilies, popular in Malay and Indonesian cuisine. Available at Asian grocery stores.

To make your own,see the recipe

Recipe from Kalachandji’s Restaurant and Palace, Dallas, Texas

Five-Spice Stir Fry

Serving Size: 4 Preparation Time :0:35

Ingredients

  • 8 ounces vermicelli, spaghetti, or linguine

SAUCE:

  • 1/2 cup orange juice
  • 1 tablespoon corn starch
  • 3/4 teaspoon Chinese five-spice powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon crushed red pepper flakes
  • 2 tablespoons soy sauce
  • 2 teaspoons liquid sweetener

STIR-FRY:

  • 12 ounces mushrooms — cut into 1/4″ slices
  • 1 cup fresh baby carrots — quartered lengthwise
  • 1 medium onion — cut into thin wedges
  • 2 cloves garlic — minced
  • 3 cups broccoli florets (about 6 oz.)

Directions

Cook pasta per package directions. Drain and cover to keep warm.

Meanwhile in a small bowl, combine all sauce ingredients and mix until blended. Set aside.

Spray a nonstick skillet or wok with nonstick cooking spray. Heat over medium-high heat until hot. Add mushrooms, carrots, onion, and garlic. Cook and stir 4-5 minutes.

Add broccoli, cover, and cook 2-4 minutes or until vegetable are crisp-tender, stirring occasionally. Add sauce, cook and stir 2-3 minutes or until bubbly and thickened.

Serve over pasta.

Crispy Fried Tempe

(Keripik Tempe)

Ingredients

  • 600 gram tempe (fermented soybean cake) – not tofu
  • 200 ml water
  • ½ tsp. slaked lime water
  • 100 gr. rice flour mixed with 25 gram cornstarch
  • vegetable oil

Spice Paste Ingredients:

  • 4 candlenuts
  • 1 clove garlic
  • 1 tsp. coriander seeds
  • salt to taste
  • 1 cm fresh kencur

Directions

Slice the tempe in thin 3½ x 5 cm squares. Set aside.

Mix the spice-paste together with the water and slaked lime water. Add the rice flour and cornstarch and blend till smooth.

Heat the oil in a wok, dip the tempe in the batter and deep-fry until it is golden brown and crisp.

Note: Make sure that the oil is not to hot, otherwise the batter and the tempe will not be done at the same time.

Makes 5-6 servings.

Nasi Goreng

(Fried Rice)

Yield: 2 servings

  • 4 c Long-grain rice
  • 8 Shallots or 1 small onion
  • 4 Red chillis or 2 tsp chilli -powder and 2 tsp paprika
  • 4 tb Vegetable oil
  • Salt
  • 2 ts Sweet soya sauce
  • 2 ts Tomato ketchup

Directions

The name Nasi Goreng means simply ‘fried rice’, and it is really a collective description of an indefinite number of slightly differing dishes. You can vary the trimmings and garnishes to suit your taste; but even the most elaborate Nasi Goreng is quick to make. It is a particularly good luncheon dish.

Boil the rice a good long time before you intend to fry it; you can fry freshly boiled rice, but the Nasi Goreng will be better if the boiled rice is allowed to cool. Two hours is a satisfactory interval. Leaving the rice to cool overnight, however, gives less good results-the rice has time to go dry and stale. An important point to note here is that rice for Nasi Goreng must be cooked with the least possible quantity of water; this prevents it from becoming too soft. For 1 cup of rice, use 1 cup of water. Assuming you have now got your cool, boiled rice, proceed like this: slice the shallots or onion, seed and slice the chilli (or pound the shallots and chilli together in a mortar). Heat the oil in a wok; it makes no difference, by the way, whether you use oil, fat, or butter. Saute the shallots and chilli for a minute or so, and season with salt, soya sauce, and tomato ketchup. Put in all the rice, and stir it continuously until it is well heated: this will take 5 to 8 minutes. Serve in a good large dish, generously garnished with sliced cucumber, tomatoes, fried onions, and Krupuk.

Oseng-Oseng Wortel

(Stir Fried Carrots)

Yield: 2 servings

Ingredients

  • 250 g (8 oz) carrots
  • 4 Shallots
  • 1 Clove garlic
  • 1/2 Green or red chilli or
  • 1 pn Of chilli powder
  • 4 tb Good stock or 1 ts Dark soya sauce and 4 tb -water
  • 2 tb Vegetable oil

Directions

These are carrots, cut into matchsticks and cooked in a little oil or butter. The word wortel doesn’t sound Malay, and isn’t. It is borrowed from the Dutch name for the carrot, since it was the Dutch who introduced this vegetable to Malaysia.

Peel, wash, and cut the carrots into small sticks. Slice the shallots and chilli. Crush the garlic. In a wok, heat 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil or clarified butter. Saute the slice shallots and chilli for 1 minute, then add the garlic and the carrots. Stir continuously for a minute or so and then put in the stock, or soya sauce and water. Cover and continue to cook for 4 minutes. Uncover, taste, and add salt if necessary. Cook for a further 2 minutes, stirring all the time. Serve hot.

Makes 2 servings.

Terong Balado

Ingredients

  • 1 lg Eggplant
  • 3 Garlic cloves, -sliced or chopped
  • 4 tb Onion, chopped
  • 1 1/2 c Tomatoes (fresh), ripe
  • 1 t Sugar
  • 1 t Salt
  • 2 ts Red hot chili peppers, -fresh
  • 1/2 c Water
  • 2 tb Vegetable oil

Directions

Cut the eggplant into long quarter-round strips. Bake them at 400 200 for 20-25 minutes, or until they are soft but not mushy.

Meanwhile, in a bowl, mix the onion, garlic, tomatoes, salt, sugar, peppers and water and mash with a wooden spoon until it forms a coarse paste.

Fry the tomato paste in the oil until the liquid is reduced (about 10 minutes). Pour the sauce over the eggplant and serve immediately

Asinan
(Sweet And Sour Cucumber Salad)

Serving Size : 4

Ingredients

  • 3 ea Cucumber, large
  • 1 ea Onion, med
  • 1 ea Thai chile dressing
  • 1/4 c Vinegar, white
  • 1/4 c Oil
  • 1/2 t Salt
  • 2 t Sugar
  • 1/2 t Garlic powder

Directions

Peel and thinly slice the cucumbers. Slice the onion thinly. Seed and thinly slice the chile. Put the cucumber slices in a shallow bowl, arrange the onion slices on top and sprinkle with the chile slices. Combine all the ingredients with the dressing, mixing well. Taste and adjust seasoning with salt. Pour the dressing over the onions and cucumbers and refrigerate a few hours or overnight if possible to allow flavors to blend.

Atjar Tjampoer

Serving Size : 1

Ingredients

  • 100 g Carrots
  • Salt
  • 100 g Green beans
  • 4 ea Scallions
  • 100 g White cabbage
  • 2 ea Toes of garlic
  • 1/4 ea Cucumber
  • 1 tb Oil
  • 150 ml Vinegar
  • 100 g Bean sprouts/shoots
  • 1 tb Sugar
  • 1 t Powdered ginger
  • 1 t Kunjit/kurkuma
  • 1 t Sambal ulek

Directions

Cut carrot into the size of matches. Cut beans in 1″ pieces. Chafe the cabbage. In a pan with a little water and salt, boil the vegetables for 5 minutes. Drain. Cut cucumber in *small* cubes.

Peel scallions and garlic. Put in kitchen machine; cut to paste. Mix with sambal, kunjit and ginger.

Heat oil in a frying pan. Fry the herb-mixture for 2 minutes. Add vinegar and sugar; stir to dissolve sugar. Add all vegetables (also the ones not cooked yet); add a *little* water if there is too little liquid. Boil softly for 2 minutes. Put in a bowl and let cool. You can also preserve it by putting the hot veggies in sterilized screw-lid jars (metal lids with a ‘dome’ in the middle are quite handy, I always save jam-jars when they’re empty); add liquid as well. Screw the lids on. Place jars upside down until cooled completely (the ‘dome’ in the lid will be down, this is to check if the jar closed well). Can be kept for at least a year (store in dark place to avoid having the color goes away). Nice as a present! Kunjit or kurkuma is a herb. If I look on the jar, it says ‘powdered yellow-root’. It is used to color this dish, and other dishes as well. In that way it is much like saffron, although kunjit tastes a little bitter.

Sambal ulek: Used as an accompaniment and in cooking. Made by crushing fresh red chilis with a little salt. Remove the seeds from the chilis, chop finely, then crush with salt using a pestle and mortar. Three chilis will make about 1 tablespoon sambal ulek. Also available ready-prepared in small jars from Oriental stores and some delicatessens.

This is a refreshing side dish made of crisp, sweet-and-sour vegetables. Goes really well with Nasi Goreng. The dish can be kept in the fridge for a few days.

Fresh Salad With Peanut Sauce

(Keredok)

Ingredients

  • 1 fresh red or green semihot chili, cut into thin slices
  • 1 clove garlic, sliced
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 2 small slices kencur, soaked in water for thirty minutes (optional)
  • 3 tablespoons crunchy peanut butter
  • 1 teaspoon tamarind, dissolved in 1 tablespoon water
  • 2 teaspoons sugar
  • 1 cup thin-sliced cucumbers
  • 1 cup fresh bean sprouts
  • 1 cup lettuce, broken into bite-size pieces

Directions

Crush the chili, garlic, salt, kencur and peanut butter in a mortar so it’ll become the sauce of the dish.

Add the tamarind liquid and sugar. Mix well.

Toss the sauce with the vegetables until well mixed. Serve chilled or at room temperature.

Makes 4 servings, with other dishes.

White Curry Jackfruit
(Gudeg Putih)

Ingredients

  • 1 kg young jackfruit, peeled and sliced into 5x5x3 cm slice. Soak the slices in plenty of cold water
  • 100 g melinjo leaves
  • 4 bay leaves
  • 1 cm fresh galangale (lengkuas), bruised
  • 750 ml coconut milk and 500 ml thick coconut milk from 1½ coconut Spice Paste Ingredients:
  • 10 small shallots
  • 7 small cloves garlic
  • 10 candlenuts
  • 1 tbs. coriander seeds
  • salt to taste
  • a pinch of sugar

Directions

Boil the jackfruit slices in the thin santan together with the melinjo leaves, the spice-paste, salam leaves and lengkuas until the jackfruit is tender.

Add the thick santan. Bring it to a boil, stirring occasionally. Continue simmering until done.

Makes 4-5 servings.

Steamed Mushroom Wraps

(Pepes Jamur Kuping)

Ingredients

  • 100 gram cloud ear mushroom, soaked in hot water until soft, then drained
  • 1 egg, beaten
  • 125 ml medium thick coconut milk from ¼ coconut
  • banana leaves Spice Paste Ingredients:
  • 10 red chilies
  • 10 bird shit chilies (prik kii nuu)
  • 7 small shallots
  • 3 small cloves garlic
  • 5 candlenuts
  • 2 tomatoes
  • 1 cm fresh galangal (langkuas)
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • 1 tsp. palm sugar or brown sugar

Directions

Slice the mushroom in 1 cm lengths and mix together with the egg, santan and the spice paste blend.

Devide the mixture among 20 packets made of banana leaves. Fold the ends of the packets and seal.

Steam the packets for about 25 minutes until done. Remove and set aside. Broil the packets over medium heat until liquid has evaporated.

Makes 20 Wraps

Sweet Eggplant Stew

(Semur Terong)

Ingredients

  • 1 lb. eggplant
  • 4 Tbs. vegetable oil
  • 1 Tbs. shallots
  • 1 clove garlic, sliced
  • ½ cup water
  • 1 Tbs. sweet soy sauce
  • ½ tsp. pepper
  • ¼ tsp. nutmeg
  • 1 tsp. vinegar
  • ½ tsp. salt
  • 1 tsp. sugar

Directions

Cut the unpeeled eggplant into ½-inch-thick slices, and then cut the slices in half. Fry lightly in 2 Tbs. of oil for 2 minutes, or until light brown and softened. Set aside.

Stir fry the shallots and garlic in the remaining oil until light brown. Add the water, sweet aoy sauce, pepper, nutmeg, vinegar, salt and sugar. Let all of these ingredients cook for approximately 3 minutes to prepare the sauce.

Cook the eggplant slices in the sauce for additional 2 minutes to distribute the flavors. Shake the pan several times to mix but not mash the eggplant.

Serve hot or at room temperature.

Makes 4 servings.

Nasi Lemak

Ingredients

  • 1 kg rice (siam)
  • 45 oz (1035 ml) coconut milk – 2 no. coconut
  • 4 nos. pandan leaf
  • 1 stalk lemon grass
  • 2 inch ginger
  • 1 tbsp salt

Ingredients

Wash the rice, and place it into the pot. Add in coconut milk, pandan leaf, lemon grass, ginger and salt, and let it cook till dry

Sayor Loday

Mixture of vegetables in a spicy coconut soup eaten in a meal of Malay lontong (pressed rice). Another spicy meat dish and rice are all you need to complete the meal.

Ingredients

  • 300 grammes (10 oz) jicama
  • 300 grammes (10 oz) long beans
  • 240 grammes (8 oz) French beans
  • 300 grammes (10 oz) cabbage
  • 4 hard bean curd cakes
  • 180 grammes (6 oz) small prawns, peeled
  • 60 grammes (One-and-a-half oz) galangal, peeled and smashed
  • One lemon grass, cleaned and smashed
  • One cup dried prawns, washed, soaked and pounded or ground
  • 20 shallots, peeled
  • 2 tsp shrimp paste (belacan) (soy sauce for Vegies)
  • One-and-a-half to two coconuts, grated or one-and-a-half cups processed coconut milk
  • 6 cups water
  • 2 tsp salt
  • One tsp sugar
  • 6-10 dried chillies
  • One cup vegetable oil

Directions

  1. Cut cabbage into bite-sized pieces. String French beans and cut into finger lengths diagonally. Cut long beans into finger lengths. Peel jicama and shred into finger lengths.
  2. Soak dried chillies till soft for half hour in warm water. Pound till fine. Cut each bean curd diagonally. Place wok over high heat and when smoking, add oil. When hot, deep fry the bean curd cakes till golden. Drain. Remove all but 6 Tbs oil and stir fry the pounded chillies till fragrant. Keep aside.
  3. Mix coconut with half cup water and squeeze for thick milk. Set aside. Mix with remaining water and squeeze fot thin milk. Or mix half cup processed coconut milk with water.
  4. Pound or grind shallots and shrimp paste coarsely.
  5. Place thin coconut milk in a suacepan and turn on high heat. Add shallot mixture, dried prawns, galangal and lemon grass. When boiling, add jicama, long beans, French beans, cabbage and prawns. When boiling again, add bean curd and seasoning. Add thick coconut milk and chillies and oil mixture. Boil 10 minutes and serve.

Fresh Orange-Carrot Soup
(Hong Lo Bak Tchang Lang Tong)

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This delicate, tangy cold soup from Singapore is an excellent appetite stimulant for a summer meal of cold duck or chicken. Serve chilled in glass or pretty china bowls to 4-6 as a first course.
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Ingredients

  • 2 Tablespoons peanut oil
  • 1 lb. carrots, coarsely chopped
  • 3/4 cup sliced leeks, white part only
  • 1 Tablespoon fresh ginger root, peeled and minced
  • 3 cups chicken or vegetable stock
  • 1 and 1/2 cups fresh squeezed orange juice
  • salt to taste

Garnish: finely sliced leeks, separated into circles

Directions

Heat the oil in a large saucepan, then saute carrots, leeks, and ginger until they are soft. Add stock, bring to a boil, then reduce heat, cover, and simmer for about 20-30 minutes, until vegetables are done.

Puree, solids first, then return to pan and stir in orange juice. Season to taste with salt–remember to oversalt cold soups a little. Refrigerate and chill. When ready to serve, ladle into bowls and top with leek circles.

Kiam Chye Aar

Duck Soup With Preserved Mustard

Popular among the Hokkiens and Teochews in Singapore, Malacca and Penang.
This soup is home cooked food at its best, easy to prepare and rarely available in restaurants.

Ingredients

  • Kiam Chye(Preserved Mustard) – sliced and soaked
  • kao ki(wolf berries or kee chi in Cantonese)
  • preserved lemon
  • preserved plum
  • preserved shallots
  • duck
  • tomatoes
  • palm sugar

Directions

Put all ingredients in a big pot, bring to boil and cook over low heat for at least 3 hours. Add msg, palm sugar and tomatoes. Turn off fire and let stand for at least 24 hours. Remove bones from duck, extra fat, lemon, plum and shallots. Reheat before serving.