The island nation of the Republic of Singapore lies one degree north of the Equator in Southern Asia. The country includes the island of Singapore and 58 or so smaller islands. Because of its efficient and determined government, Singapore has become a flourishing country that excels in trade and tourism and a model to other developing nations. The capital city, also called Singapore, covers about a third of the area of the main island.
Although Singapore has a long history, its recent commercial development can be seen as beginning in 1819 when Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles annexed it for the British Crown. The purpose for the annexation was to establish a trading post for the East India Company. At the time, the island was sparsely inhabited by Malay fisherman. The population increased as immigrants were brought in from China and India. These immigrants helped to develop facilities for a port. Trade and settlement grew under British rule until 1942, when the Japanese took over the island. The British returned in 1945 when the Japanese surrendered at the end of World War II. With the election of the first Prime Minister, Lee Kuan Yew in 1959, Singapore achieved independence from the British, who were never able to regain the same power that they had held in Singapore before the war. It was in 1965 that Singapore withdrew from the Federation of Malaysia and became a totally independent nation. Since then, Singapore has worked toward becoming Asia’s number one spot for trade, tourism and finance.
Square Miles: 238.6 square miles (618.1sq. km)
Borders: Johor Strait to the North; Pacific Ocean to the East; Strait of Malacca to the Southwest; Indian Ocean to the West. Singapore Island is locate at the southern tip of the Malayan Peninsula.
Coastline: 120 miles (193km) Terrain: Lowland; flowing central plateau with water catchment and nature preserve.
The climate is tropical, with an average daytime temperature around 80ºF (26ºC). Evening temperatures are only slightly lower. Rainstorms occur on about 40% of all days in Singapore, with heavy rainfall from November to January. Rainstorms are usually short and intense.
The feel of the island comes from the cultural diversity of Singapore. The population is made up of Chinese, Malays, Indians and Eurasians. Although citizens of all races think of themselves as Singaporean, there are still certain areas that are inhabited by specific ethnic groups. Each area has its own culture celebrating its own religion. Each religion has many colorful festivals to commemorate days of special significance.
Ethnic Groups: 75% Chinese, 16% Malay, 7% Indians and 2% other.
Languages: The four official languages of Singapore include Mandarin, English, Malay and Tamil.
Religion: Singapore’s main religions are Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Hinduism and Christianity.
General: Do not use first names unless you are invited to. Use Mr., Mrs. or Miss as titles.
Obey the laws, as they are strictly enforced. Fines will be levied for such acts as littering, smoking in restricted areas and not wearing a seat belt.
It is common courtesy to ask permission to take pictures of people, mosques or temples.
When entering a Singaporean’s house or a mosque, remember to take off your shoes.
Do not eat or offer anything with your left hand when with Muslims.
Business: Business cards are exchanged at the beginning of a meeting. Remember to give and receive the card with both hands. It is polite to look the card over and hold it while speaking.
The currency unit is the Singapore dollar (S$). Approximately S$1.50 = US$1
Coins are in denominations of: 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 cents.
Notes are in denominations of: $1, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500, $1,000 and $10,000.
Brunei notes are interchangeable with Singapore notes and are quite common.
Population: 2,700,000 Capital: Singapore
Flag: Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white (bottom); on the hoist side of the red band is a white crescent that is partially surrounding a circle of five white, pointed stars.
Shop Hours: Shop hours vary, although Monday to Saturday from 9am to 6pm are the most common. Some department stores, Chinese Emporiums, and stores that cater solely to tourists stay open as late as 9pm seven days a week.
Bank Hours: Generally10am to 3pm, Mondays to Fridays and 11am to 4:30pm, Saturdays.
Time: Singapore Standard Time is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time, 13 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time, and 16 hours ahead of Pacific Standard Time.
Tipping: Tipping is not very common in Singapore. It is prohibited at the airport and discouraged at hotels and restaurants, as most have already added a 10% service charge to the bill.
Taxis: Taxis drivers do not get tipped.
A visa is not required for U.S., European and Australian citizens for a stay of up to 14 days. All visitors are required to have a valid passport and onward ticket.
BE FORWARNED, DEATH FOR DRUG TRAFFICKING
Duty-Free Items: Personal effects and food preparations not exceeding $50 in value. Visitors over 18 and not coming from Malaysia are allowed to bring in duty-free 1 liter of spirits, 1 liter of wine and 1 liter of beer, also 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco.
Airports: Changi Airport in Singapore is 10 miles (6km) from the city center.
Airlines: Air Canada: Tel 732-8555 Air India: Tel 220-5277 Air New Zealand: Tel 535-8266 American Airlines: Tel 221-6988 British Airways: Tel 533-1333 Cathay Pacific: Tel 533-1333 China Airlines: Tel 250-2888 Japan Airlines (JAL): Tel 221-0522 Korean Air: Tel 534-2111 Malaysian Airline System (MAS): Tel 336-6777 Philippine Airlines: Tel 336-1611 Qantas: Tel 737-3744 Singapore Airlines: Tel 223-8888 Swissair: Tel 737-8133 United Airlines: Tel 220-0711
Trains: Singapore is the southern terminal of the Malaysian railway system.
Buses: Express buses run daily between Singapore and Kuala Lumpur.
Ships and Ferries: Major cruise lines to Singapore include Ocean/Pearl, Cunard, Royal Cruise, Princess Cruises and the Royal Viking Line. Ask your travel agent for more details.
Cars: You can rent a car from any of the international firms, or from local car hire firms. You will need both a national and international licence. Driving is on the left side of the road, and wearing a seat belt is the law.
Trains: Singapore’s Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system is a new, clean and easy way to travel. The train consists of two main lines that run north-south and east-west. Coin-operated ticket-dispensing machines are located inside the main doors at each station. Money-changing machines for changin paper money to coins are located opposite the ticket machines. Enter the platform through the gates marked with green arrows. There you insert your ticket, arrow first (and facing up). The machine will open the gate and return the ticket. The same procedure is followed at your destination, except that your ticket will not be returned.
Buses: There are two types of buses in Singapore: the Singapore Bus Service and the Trans-Island Bus Service. You can purchase a Singapore Explorer ticket that will allow you to travel anywhere for up to three days. The ticket comes with a useful map with details on major tourist destinations and whcih service to use to get there. For more information. pick up the “See Singapore by Bus” pamphlet from the STPB (Singapore Tourist Promotion Board) in Raffles City.
Ships and Ferries: Ferry and water taxi services departing from Cliff Pier, Jardine Steps and the World Trade Centre can take you to Singapore’s outlying islands.
For more information on specific sights, contact the Singapore Tourist Promotion Board (STPB) 250 North Bridge Road #01-19, Raffles City Tower Singapore 0617 Tel 330-0431 or 330-0432
Arab Street This is the Muslim center of Singapore. Attractions include the gold-domed Sultan Mosque and a variety of shops. Singapore City
Big Splash The longest water slides in Southeast Asia. 902 East Coast Parkway Singapore City Tel 345-1211
Chinatown A maze of streets with shops that sell almost everything. South Bridge and New Bridge area Singapore City
City Hall This is where Lord Louis Mountbatten accepted the Japanese surrender in 1945, and where Lee Kuan Yew declared Singapore’s independence from Britain in 1959. St. Andrew’s Road near the Padang Singapore City
The Crocodile Farm This farm breeds crocodiles and other reptiles for their skins. Feeding times are 11m and 3pm daily except Mondays. Free admission. 790 Upper Serangoon Singapore City
CN West Leisure Park Water slides, bumper boats and other amusement attractions. 9 Japanese Garden Road Singapore City Tel 261-4771
Guiness World of Records Facts and feats displayed in exhibits. World Trade Center Singapore City
Haw Par Villa Dragon World A theme park featuring age-old silent statues, exhilarating rides, live performances and theatre shows. 262 Pasir Panjang Road Singapore City Tel 774-0300
Jurong Bird Park This park features more than 5,000 birds from all over the world in a lush parkland setting. Jurong Hill Jurong Town Tel 265-0022
Jurong Crocodile Paradise A crocodile farm featuring underwater viewing areas and crocodile wrestling shows daily. Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim Jurong Town
Kusu Island A small island that, according to legend, was a turtle and transformed itself into land to save drowning sailors. Take the ferry from the World Trade Center. Kusu is located 7 km (4.5 miles) south of Singapore
Little India An area full of stores, restaurants and antique dealers specializing in Indian goods. The STPB (Singapore Tourist Promotion Board) has a guidebook for the area. Serangoon Road Singapore City
Sentosa Island A former military base, this island is now devoted to entertaining its guests. Within the island are museums, gardens, a butterfly park, swimming lagoons, gold courses, a large roller skating rink and more. Ferries running from World Trade Center in Singapore City daily 7:30am – 10pm
Sri Mariamman Temple Hindu temple featuring numerous decorations and sculptures, including elaborate ceiling frescoes. 244 South Bridge Road Singapore City
Sultan Mosque Biggest mosque in Singapore. North Bridge Road Singapore City
Temple of 1,000 Lights Features a 15-meter-high (49-ft) figure of Buddha surrounded by chains of light. Race Course Road Singapore City
Underwater World Asia’s largest tropical oceanarium. Sentosa Island Tel 275-0030
Botanic Gardens World-famous tropical gardens where you can enjoy lush greenery and a beautiful orchid garden. Intersection of Holland Road and Napier Street. Singapore City
Chinese Garden Over 35 acres (14 hectares) of beautiful scenery. Yuan Ching Road Jurong
Japanese Garden Stone gardens, goldfish ponds, stone lanterns and small pagodas. Yuan Ching Road Jurong
Mandai Orchid Gardens A lush tropical orchid garden created in an area usually not particularly suited to orchid plants. Mandai Lake Road Singapore City
Merlion Park 26-ft-high (8m) figure of a Merlion (a mythical beast that is half-lion, half-fish), the symbol of Singapore, that sprays water into the river. On the Singapore River Haw Par Villa Singapaore City
Changi Prison Chapel and Museum Displays life of POWs during the Japanese occupation of Singapore during WWII. Changi Prison Singapore City
Chinaman Scholars Gallery 14B Trengannu St. Chinatown Singapore City Tel 222-9554
Empress Palace Museum This museum features cultural exhibits. 1 Empress Place, Empress Place Building Singapore City Tel 336-7633
National Museum Formerly known as the Raffles Museum. This museum houses rare Oriental treasures. One of the collections is the 380-piece Haw Par jade collection. Stamford Road Singapore City Tel 337-7355
Pewter Museum Examples of both old and modern works are on display here. Free admission. 49A Duxton Road Singapore City Tel 221-4436
Health and sports enthusiasts will not feel left out in Singapore. Fitness centers and swimming pools are located at most of the large hotels. For golf lovers, Singapore has some of Asia’s finest golf courses. Fees range anywhere from S$40 to S$200. Most parks have tracks for jogging, and many have tennis, squash and badminton courts. In addition, sports facilities managed by the Singapore Sports Council are all over Singapore. Because of the warm climate, such sports as windsurfing and waterskiing are very popular. The best areas for these water sports are in the north of Singapore.
The food of Singapore reflects its multiethnic society. The hotels contain restaurants that specialize in dishes from all over Europe and Asia. The famous hawker centers, however, are possibly the best place to sample the various Singaporean cuisine. You can taste Indian, Malayan and Chinese dishes all in one night. These food centers can be a great experience and are part of the reason why Singapore is considered by many to be “the food capital of Asia.” There are very strictly enforced offical Public Health controls in Singapore, so it is safe to eat food from any of the restaurants or stalls.
It is important to note that smoking is completely banned in all air-conditioned restaurants.
Throats can get pretty dry in this climate, and there are many ways to quench your thirst. Many soft drinks such as Coca-Cola, Pepsi, and 7-Up are available. Other popular drinks sold in Singapore include coffee, tea, beer and tasty fruit juices. Tap water is safe to drink.
If you’re not totally exhausted from eating, drinking and sightseeing, there is plenty of nightlife to choose from in Singapore. Big hotels feature discos, lounges, cabarets and theater restaurants. For a pleasant, high-class evening, symphonies, operas and ballets are abundant. Other popular nighttime activities include late-night tours, catching a movie at the local cinema, or relaxing on a nighttime harbour cruise. A great way to enjoy the night, without spending a lot of money is to roam the streets where you can witness a variety of colorful and interesting activities.
Police: 999 Fire and Ambulance: 995
International Access Code: 106 for Malaysia (before the country code), 104 for other countries.
Country Code: 65 City Codes: City codes not required.
STB (Singapore Tourism Board) Tourism Court 1 Orchard Spring Lane Singapore 247729 Touristline: 1800-736-2000 (toll-free in Singapore only) Opening hours: 8.30 am to 5.00 pm (Monday to Friday) 8.30 am to 1.00 pm (Saturday)
STB #Singapore Visitors Centre @ Suntec City 3 Temasek Boulevard #01-35/37/39/41 Suntec City Mall Singapore 038983 Tel: 1800-332-5066 (toll-free in Singapore only) Opening hours: 8.00 am to 6.30 pm (daily)
Singapore Visitors Centre @ Liang Court Level 1, Liang Court Shopping Centre 177 River Valley Road Singapore 179030 Tel: 336-2888 Opening hours: 10.30 am to 9.30 pm (daily)
Singapore Visitors Centre @ H20 Zone 160 Orchard Road Orchard Point @ H20 Zone Singapore 238842 Tel: 1800-738-8169 (toll-free in Singapore only) Opening hours: 11.00 am to 8.30 pm (daily)
Helpful literature and leaflets can be found at airports, hotels and shopping centers.
STPB Suite 1202, Level 12 Westpac Plaza 60 Margaret Street Sydney, Australia Tel (02) 241-3771 Fax: (02)2523586
STB 175 Bloor Street East Suite 1112, North Tower Toronto Ontario, Canada Tel 416-323-9139 Fax: 416-323-3514
STB 1st Floor, Carrington House 126-130 Regent Street London W1R 5FE United Kingdom Tel (071) 437-0033 Fax: (071) 734-2191
STB 8484 Wilshire Blvd. Suite 510 Los Angeles, CA 90052 USA Tel 213-852-1901 Fax: 213-852-0129
STB 590 Fifth Ave. 12th Floor New York, NY 10001 USA Tel 212-302-4861 Fax: 212-302-4801
STPB 333 North Michigan Ave. Suite 818 Chicago IL 60607 USA Tel 312-220-0090 Fax: 312-220-0020
2014 Asian-Recipe.com | Designed by Website-Redesign-Company.co