Indonesian Ingredients Glossary

Some More Translations Below This Table

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 Almond Badam Badam Badam  Badam Badam Badam Badam Badam
 Asafoetida Hing Inguva Perungayam Hingu Perungayam Hing Hing Hing Hing
 Barley Jau Barli biyyam Barli arisi Barli Yavam Jau Job Jau Jau
 Beetroot  Beetroot       
 Bengal gram (Flour) Besan Senaga pindi Kadalai mavu Kadale hittu Kadala mavu Besan Beshun Besan Besan
 Bengal gram (Split) Chana dal Senga pappu Kadalai parippu Kadale bele Kadala parippu Harbar dal Cholar dal Chana dal Chane ki dal
 Bengal gram (Whole) Chana Senagulu Kothu kadalai Kadale Kadala Harbara Chola Chana Chana sabut
 Black gram (Split) Urad dal Minappa pappu Uluthem parippu Udina bele Uzhunnu parippu Uddachi dal Mashkalar dal Alad Maash ki dal
 Buckwheat Kootu  Kotu  Kootu Kuttu Titaphapur  Gehoon ka bhoosa
 Cardamom Elaychi Ellakai Ellakai Yellakai Elathari Veldola Elaichi Elaychi Elichi
 Carrot  Carrot       
 Cashewnut Kaju Jeedi pappu Mundiri parippu Geru beena Parangi yandi Kaju Hijlibadam Kaju Kaju
 Chilli Mirch Mirapakaya Milagai Menasinakayi Molaku Mirchi Lanka Marchu Mirch
 Cloves Lavang Lavangalu Krambu Lavanga Krambu Lavang Labango Lavang Loung
 Coconut Nariyal Kobbari Thenga Thenginkai Thenga Naral Narkel Nariyal Nariyal
 Coriander Dhania Dhaniyalu Kothamalli Korthambari Kothamalli Dhane Dhone Dhania Dhania
 Cumin Zira Jeelakarra Jeeragam Jeerage Jeerakam Jira Jire Jiru Zeera
 Fennel Saunf Sompu   Perum Jeerakam Sheopa   Saunf
 Fenugreek Methi Menthulu Venthiyam Menthe Uluva Methi Methi Methi Methi
 Garlic Lessan Velluli Poondu Belluli Velluli Lasoon Roshun Lasan Lehsan
 Gingelly Til Nuvvulu Ellu Acchellu Ellu Til Til Tal Til
 Ginger Adrak Allum Inji Shunti Inji Ale Ada Adu Adrak
 Green gram (Split) Moong dal Pesara pappu Payathum parippu Hesara bele Cherupayar parippu Mugachi dal Moong dal Moong dal Mung dal
 Green gram (Whole) Moong Pesalu Pasipayar Hesarekalu Cherupayar Moong Muger dal Mug Sabut moong
 Groundnut Moong phalli Verusenagakaya Nillakadalai Kadalekayi Nilakadala Bhui moong China moong China moong Moong phalli
 Lentil Masur dal Misur pappu Masore parippu Masur bele Masur parippu Masurdal Mashroori dal Masur dal Masoor ki dal
 Linseed Alsi Avise ginjalu Alivirai  Cheruchana vithu Juwas Tishi Alsi Alsi
 Mace Javithri Jayapathri Jathipatri  Jathipatri Jayapatri Jayitri Jaypatri Jotri
 Maize Makkai Mokka jonnalu Makka cholam Kempu jola cholam Maka Bhutta Makai Makai
 Millet Bajra Sajjalu Kambu Sajje Kamboo Bajri Bajra Bajri Bajra
 Milo Juar Jonnalu Cholam Jola Cholam Jwari Juar Juwar Juari
 Mustard Rai Avalu Kadugu Sasuve Kadugu Mohori Sorse Rai Rai
 Nutmeg Jaiphal Jajikayi Jathikkai Jaijkayi Jathikka Jaiphal Jaiphal Jaiphal Jaiphal
 Onion (Small) Pyaz Ullipaaya       
 Oregano Ajwain Vamu Omum Onia Ayamodak Onva Joan  Ajwain
 Pepper Kali mirch Mirriyalu Milagu Karimenasu Kurumulagu Mire Golmorich Mari Kali mirchi
 Pistachio Pista Pista Pista Pista Pista Pista Pista Pista Pista
 Potato Aloo Aloo       
 Radish         
 Ragi Mundal Ragulu Kizhvaragu Ragi Muthari Nachni Madua Ragi Ragi
 Rice (Parboiled) Usna chawal Uppudu biyyam Puzhungal arisi Kusubalakki Puzhangalari Ukda tandool Siddha chowl Ukra chawl Ubla hua chawal
 Rice (Raw) Arwa chawal Biyyam Pacharisi Akki Pachari Tandool Atap chaal Chokha chawal Chawal
 Safflower Kardi Kusuma ginzalu       Karar
 Semolina Sooji Rawa Ravai Rawa Rawa Rawa Sooji Rawa Sooji
 Soyabean Bhatmas       Garikalai Soya ki binje
 Split gram Tuwar dal Kandi pappu Tuvaram parippu Thugar bele Thuvara parippu Tur dal Arhar dal Tuverni dal Arhar
 Sunflower Suriamukhi Poduthiru ginzalu Suryakanthi  Suryakanthi Suryamuki Surajmuki Suryakanti Suraj mukhi
 Tamarind Imli Chinthapandu Puli Hunise Puli Chinch Tetul Amli Imli
 Turmeric Haldi Pasupu Manjal Anashina Manjal Halad Holud Haldhar Haldi
 Walnut Akhrot Nattua krot vitthu Nattua krot kottai  Akrothandi Akrod Akrot  Akrot
 Wheat Gehun Godhumalu Godumai Godhi Gothambu Gahu Gom Ghau Gehoon
 Wheat flour Atta Godhuma pindi Godumai mavu Godhi hittu Gothambu mavu Kaneek Atta Ato Gehoon ka atta
 Wheat flour (Refined) Maida Maida pindi Maida mavu Godhi hittu Maidamavu Maida Maida Maida Mai

Some more common words related to food in Hindi (and several of the other North Indian languages) are translated here.

A 
AaduPeach
AamMango
AamchurDried mango powder
AcharPickles
AdrakGinger
AjwainOregano
AkhrotWalnuts
AlooPotato
AnanasPineapple
AnarPomegranate
AnardanaPomegranate seeds
AngoorGrapes
AttaWhole corn flour (see also maida)
B 
BadamAlmonds
Baigan/bainganAubergine, Egg Plant
Bandh gobhiCabbage (see also Phool gobhi and gobhi)
BesanChick pea flour
BhajeeVegetable
BhejaBrain
BhindiOkra (Lady’s fingers)
C 
ChanaChick peas, gram (see also Kabuli chana)
Chana dalSplit chick peas
Chatni 
ChawalRice (generic)
Chowli/lobiaBlack-eyed beans
ChhilkaRind (generic)
Chini/shakkarSugar
D 
DahiYoghurt
Dal/dhalPulses
DarchiniCinnamon
DhaniaCoriander
DoodhMilk
E 
Elaichi/ilaichiCardamom
G 
GajarCarrot
Garam Masalaa blend of cumin, pepper, cloves and cardamom
GehunWheat (so gehun ka atta)
GheeClarified butter (without milk solids)
Ghia/laukiA variety of north Indian gourd
Gobhi/gobiCabbage or cauliflower (see also Bandh gobhi and Phool gobhi)
GoshtMeat (generic; specific meats are called after the animal)
GulabRose
Gulab jalRose water
GurJaggery (raw cane sugar)
GurdaKidney
H 
HaldiTurmeric
Hara dhaniaCoriander leaves (see also dhania)
Hara piazSpring onion (see also piaz/pyaz)
HeengAsafoetida
I 
Ilaichi/elaichiCardamom
ImliTamarind
J 
Jaiphal/zaiphalNutmeg
JavitriMace
JeeraCumin
K 
KababAny of a variety of meatballs made of keema
Kabuli chanaWhite gram (see also chana)
KadduPumpkin (see also lauki, ghia)
KajuCashew nuts
KakariCucumber
KalejaLiver
Kali mirchPepper
KarhaiA hemispherical frying pan, used for deep frying
KathalJackfruit
Keema/kheemaMinced meat (usually mutton)
KelaBanana
Kesar/kesari/zafranSaffron (stigma of the crocus flower)
KhajurDates
Khas khas/khus khusPoppy seeds
KheeraCucumbers
Khopra/NariyalCoconut
KismisRaisins (see also munakka)
KoftaMeatballs or vegetables shaped into a ball before cooking
KumbhiMushroom
L 
LahsunGarlic
Lauki/ghiaA variety of north Indian gourd
Lavang/laungCloves
Lobia/chowliBlack-eyed beans
M 
MaidaFlour
MakaiCorn
Makhan/MakkhanButter
Masoor (dal)Red lentils
MasalaSpices (generic)
MatarPeas
MethiFenugreek
MirchiChilis
MooliRadish
MoongMung beans
MoongphaliGround nuts
MunakkaSultanas or large raisins (also bara kismis; see kismis)
MurgChicken
N 
Namak/nimakSalt
Nariyal/khopraCoconut
NimbuLemon
P 
PalakSpinach (also sag)
PaneerCottage cheese, fromage blanc
PaparPapadom
PapitaPapaya
Phool GobhiCauliflower (see also Bandh gobhi and gobhi)
Piaz/pyazOnions
PistaPistachio
PudinaMint
R 
RaaiMustard seeds (see also sarson)
RaanLeg of mutton
RajmaRed Kidney beans
RaitaYoghurt with salads, nuts or other garnish, used as an accompaniment to meals
Rawa/soojiSemolina
RotiBread (generic)
S 
SagGreens (generic, so sarson ka sag etc)
SarsonMustard (see also raai)
SaunfFennel
SeekhSkewer (so seekh kabab)
SevApple
ShakahariVegetarian
ShakarkandSweet potatoes
Shakkar/chiniSugar
ShalgamTurnip
ShorbaSoup, gravy
Simla mirchCapsicum
SingharaWater chestnuts
SonthDried ginger
Sooji/rawaSemolina
SuwaDill
T 
TamatarTomato
TandoorAn oven of baked mud, from north India (so tandoori roti, tandoori murg)
TawaGriddle
Tej PattaBay leaf
TelOil (generic, so sarson ka tel, moongphali ka tel etc.)
TilSesame
Toor/toovarPigeon-peas
Z 
Zafran/kesar/kesariSaffron (stigma of the crocus flower)
Zaiphal/jaiphalNutmeg
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